South China Morning Post According to a local newspaper, Jiangsu province in eastern China has applied blockchain technology in prison management to pardon, convert and evaluate prisoners. The smart prison system is applied in 21 prisons of the province.
According to the report, the blockchain-based prison management platform has more than 800 functions and nearly 1,200 processes, to provide a unified solution for the inmate evaluation, punishment and reward system. “The entire police law enforcement process will be on file online, and 100% of cases can be tracked down to the last step.”
For example, the amnesty management system is connected to the court and the procuratorate so that the entire procedure can be handled online. Amnesty and parole approvals will be made public on the official website of the Jiangsu prison administration, as well as the province’s public administration information website.
Blockchain-based prison management platform with over 800 functions and almost 1,200 processes
According to the latest data available from 2012, cases of corruption and abuse in China’s prisons, which house about 1.8 million inmates and employ 300,000 guards, often provoke public outrage. The Beijing government is working to root out the unjustified conversions and pardons. Blockchain is a database where information is synchronized and shared by all participants. The data is not owned by any single authority, so it will be kept transparent and tamper-proof. This can help reduce corruption, or abuse, in the prison environment.
In March 2021, blockchain was first mentioned in China’s 5-year national plan. According to the official document on the development plan and strategy of Vision 2035 (Vision 2035), blockchain is one of the “new digital industries” that needs to be “developed and expanded”.
Blockchain technology is also used in some administrative applications in the mainland. For example, in 2019, several agencies in Guangdong began to issue invoices using blockchain technology. In December 2020, the New Area in Xi’an, the Beijing near-future city project personally supported by Chinese President Xi Jinping, launched a city-level blockchain system, to issue and record compensation resettlement, payment of migrant workers’ wages and purchase of construction materials.